The English word Persepolis is derived from Ancient Greek Persépolis , a compound of Pérsēs (Πέρσης) and pólis (πόλις), meaning “the Persian city”.
Persepolis or Pārsa (Persia), also known as Takht-e-Jamshid , was the ceremonial capital of the Persian Empire (ca. 550–330 BC).
Persepolis is situated 60 km northeast of the city of Shiraz in Iran. The earliest remains of Persepolis date back to 515 BC. It exemplifies the Achaemenid style of architecture. UNESCO declared the ruins of Persepolis a World Heritage site in 1979.
The Gate of All Nations, referring to subjects of the empire, consisted of a grand hall that was a square of approximately 25 metres (82 ft) in length, with four columns and its entrance on the Western Wall. There were two more doors, one to the south which opened to the Apadana yard and the other opened onto a long road to the east. Pivoting devices found on the inner corners of all the doors indicate that they were two-leafed doors, probably made of wood and covered with sheets of ornate metal.
A pair of lamassus, bulls with the heads of bearded men, stand by the western threshold. Another pair, with wings and a Persian Head, stands by the eastern entrance, to reflect the power of the empire.
About 2500 years ago Persepolis was built and still all people wonder when they see the ruins of that which is really unique and wonderful because of its architecture.
At 2016 about 6,000,000 tourists came to Iran and they visited Persepolis which was the ceremonial capital of Persian Empire. The revenue of tourism industry was approximately 10 milliard dollar in that year.